The Asurs form a very important and ancient tribe of Jharkhand, known for smelting and producing iron objects. They are found especially in such districts as Ranchi, Lohardaga, Latehar and Palamou. They have their Panchayats at the community level. Their main festivals include Sarhul, Phagua, Navakhans, Kachdel etc. They also engage themselves in agricultural practices for their livelihood.
The Mundas form yet another important tribe of Jharkhand. They basically practice agriculture and occasionally involve in hunting for their livelihood. The Mundas speak well known Mundari dialect of the Astro Asiatic family. They believe in God who is called Singbonga. The major festivals that they celebrate are Karma, Sarhul, Soharai, Moga, Phagua etc.
The Birhors are one of the most important tribal communities of the state, which unfortunately now is on the verge of extinction. This tribe is found confined to Hazaribagh, Chatra, Koderma, Ranchi, Singhbhum, Giridih and Dhanbad districts. They are accomplished hunters. In order to support their subsistence, they also produce ropes. Etymologically, it may be suggested that the Birhor is a very ancient tribe. `Bir' means forest and 'hoe means man. They are truly 'men of jungles'.